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What Do Baby Elephants Eat?

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What Do Baby Elephants Eat?

You’d think that elephants, being the biggest land animals on the planet, would be voracious eaters. And you’d be correct because one elephant’s daily calorie intake might sustain a human for months.

What do elephants eat to become so enormous? If you want to know what fills their enormous bellies, you’ve come to the correct spot. Continue reading for an in-depth look at what elephants consume.

What Do Baby Elephants Eat?

Baby Elephant
A Baby Elephant Eating Grass

Baby elephants will mostly stay within the arm’s reach of their moms for the first few months of their lives. The calves drink milk from their mothers for about two years, sometimes longer, and they can consume up to three gallons per day! Adult elephants consume approximately three to six liters of water each day. They begin feeding on vegetation at around four months old, but they still require a significant quantity of milk from their mother. An elephant’s milk teeth will fall out after ten years or more of drinking it.

Because a very young infant is so fragile, it always travels underneath the mother’s belly, between her legs, in order to ensure its safety and for the mother to assist in overcoming challenges. Baby elephants are generally less than one or two meters from an adult during day-to-day activities, and they are constantly stroked for reassurance.

While the other female elephants in the herd are mothering, they guide calves, help them over obstacles, teach them what to eat, and protect them much as the mother does. Some calves even steal food from other elephants’ mouths to find out what they should eat.

Elephants are herbivores. As a result, elephants have evolved to survive on the vegetation that nature produces in the woods. They satisfy their thirst from local lakes and ponds. The inside condition of their body and their external eating components began to change in response to this vegan meal. An elephant now has flat teeth to crush the leaves and tusks to tear the bark of a tree.

Elephants are mammals who, like humans, do not have teeth. We develop infant’s teeth and then replace them with permanent adult teeth. The elephant’s teeth, on the other hand, are replaced on a regular basis.

What Do Baby Elephants Eat in Africa?

Baby Elephants Love Vegetation!

The majority of elephant species live in the forest. It is difficult for elephants to locate extensive meadows in Africa. The variety of trees and shrubs aids them in surviving in Africa’s climate. An adult African elephant can consume the whole tree limb by limb. Children feed on twigs and leaves, as well as tree bark, roots, and fruits

What Do Baby Elephants Eat in Asia?

Elephant Trying To Eat The Leaves Off a Tree

Asian elephants dwell on grasslands. They eat everything that grows in Asia, including shrubs, trees, and bushes. Elephants will occasionally choose to dine on short woody plants or trees if they are available. Elephants also consume thorny bushes in dry areas of Asia. Asian elephants feed on leaves, twigs, fruit,

What Do Baby Elephants Eat in The Savanna?

Elephants in the savanna consume Rubber Vine, Prickly Pear, Mesquite, and other weeds. They also consume various parts of the trees that grow throughout the Savanna region. Elephants prefer Bushwillow and Acacia trees.

How Much Do Baby Elephants Eat?

Baby Elephant
A Baby Elephant in The Wild

Female elephants, in fact, continue to carry their newborns for 20-22 months, longer than any other mammal. When the calves are finally born, they weigh between 150 and 230 pounds and are about 6 feet tall at birth.

That’s only the start of it. Elephant milk is thick and rich, and elephant calves drink almost 20 pints of milk each day for the first four months of their lives when they’re exclusively fed by their mothers. Gaining 30 pounds every week as a result of drinking that much milk is not unusual.

Baby elephants are completely reliant on their moms for food for the first two to three years of life. The milk from the mother remains a crucial part of a calf’s diet after it reaches two years old. Eating, sleeping, and traveling account for the vast majority of a young elephant’s day.

The calf’s aunts, also known as the calf’s grand-aunts, aid its mother by providing protection and care. Even the calves’ aunts are unable to save it if it is orphaned before reaching two years of age.

How To Feed Baby Elephants?

Elephants are sociable animals. Females generally spend the rest of their lives in a family group with their families. Males depart the herd after ten to nineteen years, at which point they move on to life mostly alone.

A newborn elephant that has been left or abandoned in the wild would perish. They not only require milk from their mother, but also constant attention and affection.

Trainers in elephant orphanages spend around the clock with their charges and sleep with them in their enclosure in order to raise them successfully. When the elephants are very young, they are fed a special milk diet every few hours. They are gradually exposed to the grasses and other plants they will one day need. An elephant may not yet be weaned at the age of 6, and it can still drink at least some milk.

The handlers must rotate among the elephants every week to keep the babies from getting too attached to a single person. Too close of a bond with one handler can be a problem if that person has to go away, even for just a few days. Depression and grief can set in quickly, negatively affecting the orphan’s health.

Elephants are individuals, so there’s no such thing as a standard timetable for reintroducing them to the wild. An elephant that appears to be self-reliant is taken out of its cage each day to socialize with the wild elephants in the area. They will spend more and more time with the herd, but they will always remember their human family.

What Are The Natural Predators of Baby Elephants?

The notion that elephants are without natural enemies is fascinating to most people. That does not, however, imply that they are constantly safe in the wild. They may become prey to a variety of predators, such as tigers and lions.

If one of them is sick or very young, they are more likely to do this. It’s tough for predators to pick off elephants on their own because they’re in a big group. Elephants are in excellent health, so it’s unusual for one to become food for other animals.

The young elephants, who spend so much time in the water, maybe attacked by crocodiles in water. It is not very often that someone would try to kill a little elephant, despite the fact that it is an unspoken law of the wild not to mess with elephants or their offspring.

Hyenas are known to hang around elephant herds when they detect signs of one being sick or aging too rapidly. They will feed on these elephants once they have died. What is remarkable is that in many areas, these elephants seem to prefer to die at a specific site. They must be aware that their days are numbered.

Humans as Predators of Baby Elephants

Habitat loss and fragmentation, as well as poaching, are the two biggest concerns for elephant populations today. Elephants require a home range that may be anything from a few hundred to a few thousand square kilometers in size. Human settlements have effectively limited elephant migratory routes.

Poaching for ivory and habitat loss/fragmentation threaten African elephant populations. Asian elephants’ tusk sizes are smaller than those of African elephants, which makes poaching a lower priority for their preservation.

Elephants have long been targeted for their tusks, which were once utilized to make ivory objects. Rain predictors made out of elephant ivory are used by some African groups. Piano keys, bagpipes, billiard balls, buttons, and decorative items are the most common applications of ivory.

Humans are also elephant killers on the land where these animals reside. They want to make usage of that land for their own interests, such as businesses, homes and clear it out in order to profit from what they find there. The elephant farmers of the future are not concerned about financial gain, but rather with preserving their lifestyle. These people may make money for themselves here but at the cost of future generations who will have nowhere to go for food and water.

Unfortunately, terrorist organizations may use the elephants’ habitat as a safe haven during times of conflict and political upheaval. This reduces the amount of space available to elephants and other animal species, putting them in danger. Some civil wars are partly funded by the sale of poached ivory.

How Do Baby Elephants Protect Themselves From Predators?

Baby Elephant
A Baby Elephant with Its Herd

Elephants have a calming effect on humans. They produce deep rumblings, which may be mistaken for thunder by nearby animals and humans alike. Elephants’ combined enormous bulk and herd mentality act as a powerful deterrent to predators. Cheetahs and leopards are among the few lone predators who would not have a chance against even the weakest of elephants. The most likely scenario is for the Herd to join together in protest against the predator, growling, being aggressive, and charging in bunches.

An older female elephant is in command of the herd, responsible for directing it to safe food sources away from drought and detecting hazards early on. In the wild, elephant matriarchs are likely to be aware of predators because it is in their best interest for the herd to survive; thus, knowing how to sense them provides you with an edge. In fact, predator awareness is critical for a herd’s survival, so that the elephants may train physically and mentally to defend themselves if necessary.

How To Reduce Poaching Incidents Against Baby Elephants?

Most of the illegal ivory sold throughout the world comes from recently killed elephants. It’s not coming from old stockpiles of ivory, according to researchers, but rather from elephants that have been poached in recent years.

Typically, officials would not be aware when ivory is poached; however, with new technology, researchers were able to study hundreds of samples of ivory seized from across the world using carbon dating. The research discovered that the majority of the ivory came from elephants who were killed less than three years ago.

So, how can we reverse this? We may not be able to stop the ivory trade on our own, but we are not powerless. Here are a few things we can do to aid these magnificent creatures.

Don’t Buy Ivory

Antique ivory is technically legal to own. Ivory has been used for a variety of items since ancient times, including carved trinkets, pool cues, billiard balls, dominoes, piano keys, fans, and jewelry.

The rejection of antique ivory sends a strong message to dealers as to how the community condemns their cruel actions. It’s also a convenient and efficient way for commoners to demonstrate their support for elephants.

Support Conservation Efforts

Let us not forget that there are some wonderful individuals out there who may become Dian Fossey or Jane Goodall if only we could all move to the jungle or plain and devote our lives to animals. For the most part, this is something of a fantasy for us. In the meantime, we can support organizations like WWF that are dedicated to elephant protection.


Elephants have been held in circuses and zoos for millennia, subjected to a life of indentured service. The zoo industry, fortunately, is becoming more aware and building elephant-friendly habitats, but there’s still a long way to go. Even worse, circuses are far worse.

Make a difference by boycotting circuses that employ animals, and zoos that do not provide enough area for elephants to live in social herds, as well as zoos with an improper management method.

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