Domitrius Barkwood

Posted On:

What Do Baby Pigeons Eat?

Heartgard Plus Chewables For Medium Dogs 26-50lbs (Green) 12 Doses

As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases.

What Do Baby Pigeons Eat?

Pigeons may be found almost everywhere. Although wild and wood pigeons are generally found in cities and towns, little is understood about how their youngsters appear or what they consume if you find a malnourished one.

Pigeons are wild birds that eat a variety of foods. Pigeons, whether wild or domestic, typically consume seeds, tiny invertebrates, and reptiles.

What about baby birds, though? Is their food different from that of adult pigeons? By learning about the nutritional distinctions between young and adult pigeons, you’ll discover how to feed your baby pigeons.

What Do Baby Pigeons Eat?

When feeding babies and newly fledged pigeons, their diet must include a lot of protein to aid with early growth. Adults do not require as much protein as a baby and newborn pigeons, but macronutrients are important for infant and newborn pigeons’ muscular, tissue, and physical development. A protein deficiency can occur if a baby or newborn pigeons do not get these nutrients and proteins.

When they’re weaned, their diet is only comprised of the milk produced by their parents. This is a type of milky secretion that only male and female pigeons produce and is known as crop milk. The baby pigeons are fed for a week using this unique feeding technique. If the juvenile pigeons didn’t get enough of the nutrients in crop milk, they won’t be able to grow their digestive systems to the point where they can eat food comparable to that of adult pigeons.

One Week After Hatching

After one week, baby pigeons will be able to eat food other than their main source of nutrition, milk. The time it takes for baby pigeons to leave the crop milk is typically around three weeks, after which their digestive tracts are able to handle adult pigeon food. Baby pigeons can only digest crushed foods with the assistance of crop milk supplied by their parents to assist with digestion.

One Month After Hatching

Fruits and Nuts
Baby Pigeons, After The Age of One Month, Can Consume Fruits and Nuts

Pigeons that are a few days old will be able to consume anything after a month has passed. However, in order to efficiently gather and eat food, they must first be able to depart their nests and fly safely.

When pigeons get older, their digestive systems can handle most foods without difficulty. Obviously, city pigeons are more likely to eat a wider range of things, some of which might be harmful such as food obtained from litter bins.

Pigeons, whether domesticated or wild, require a balanced diet that includes seeds, fruits, nuts, and vegetables in order to stay healthy.

What Do Baby Pigeons Eat in The Wild?

It is usually in the best interests of a newborn pigeon if you simply leave it alone. It will usually do better without your help. Please get in touch with a local wildlife rehabilitation center near you if you believe there is an issue with a pigeon.

If you have to feed your baby bird yourself, you should know what and how to feed it. Because you don’t have the crop milk from their parents, things are more difficult in the first weeks, but let’s look at some solutions.

Bird Formula Milk

Bird Formula Milk
Bird Formula Milk

Nutribird A21 or Kaytee Extract are two well-known formula types. These can be obtained from pet shops or online without difficulty. However, ready-made bird formulas may be rather pricey. If the bird is a wild species, your local wildlife rehabilitation company may also be able to assist you.

During the early days, you combine the bird formula with warm water until it resembles skim milk. Then, after ten days of consistency, it’s ready to use like ketchup.

Non-Dairy Milk

If you can’t locate any baby bird formula, or if you’d rather prepare your own food, consider using non-dairy alternatives like Macadamia milk. You may add digestive enzymes to the dish and set aside 30 minutes before feeding the kid for the first three days. You can start offering it with seeds, grains, and pigeon food from the second week on.

How To Feed Baby Pigeons?

Baby Pigeons
Baby Pigeons

If a parent can’t feed its baby pigeons, you’ll need to provide them with food if necessary. In this instance, you’ll have to offer them formula using a specific method since baby pigeons traditionally do not open their beaks to be fed by their parents. Instead, they feed directly from their parents’ mouths. Although this may appear odd, it is more beneficial for the bird to eat in this manner.

Step 1

Find yourself formula milk that specifically accommodates baby birds. Nutribird A21 and Exact Hand Rearing Formula by Kaytee are two popular options for baby pigeons. These products may be purchased at pet shops or over the internet, but making your own is an excellent option. Many suppliers offer pre-mixed formulas with easy-to-follow instructions that come in a variety of flavors and textures. These formulations are often more expensive than those created from scratch. Look for a pigeon, parrot, dove, or even hawk food if you’re shopping for one of these species.

Step 2

Mix the recipe with water, starting with a skim milk consistency. The formula should be extremely thin at first. Continue to mix the formula day by day until it reaches ketchup texture over the next 10 days or so. To combine the mixture, use warm water, which is about how hot you would want it for a baby.

Step 3

If you don’t have any other options, use infant cereal without milk solids. This option should only be used as a last resort. To make it smooth, add warm water and whisk until creamy. However, because three-day-old birds can choke on it, it should not be given to them.

Puppy biscuits are another option, but it’s important to soak them in warm water until they’re soft and fluffy. These may be fed directly to many babies, although if the bird is young, you may need to mix them with warm water.

Baby pigeons require expert guidance when it comes to feeding them. Feeding baby pigeons necessitates a thorough understanding of their unique diet as well as how to feed them correctly. Baby pigeons need proper nutrition, which is primarily supplied by crop milk. However, you may test different options like pre-made bird meals, the unique recipe with MAC milk, or non-dairy baby cereal. The food should be soft and warm when ready.

What Are The Natural Predators of Baby Pigeons?

The topic of predators is always sensitive. Many people dislike seeing animals killed by others, especially if it isn’t a quick or clean kill. However, there are certain animals that are naturally predatory and others that are prey. Pigeons and doves, in particular, are considered prey species.

Foxes, owls, hawks, snakes, and red-tailed hawks are some of the most common predators of free-roaming pigeons in North America. The birds that prey on pigeons in North America can be as tiny as American kestrels or golden eagles to gulls, ravens, and crows.


The ability of a cat to capture its prey is legendary. They have the instincts of a lion and a tiger, which means they pursue the prey like lions and tigers or creep upon it without being detected.

Cats find it a piece of cake to assault a flock of pigeons and capture them when it comes to preying on birds. If a cat enters the pigeon cage and discovers a few pigeons perched on the eggs, the escape route for pigeons is closed.


Crows are not aggressive towards pigeons when it comes to attacking or frightening them, but if a flock of crows begins pursuing a pigeon, the bird might be injured. Furthermore, it’s been claimed that crows may break into a pigeon cage and steal the eggs or take away the newborn pigeons who are only days old.

They can’t attack or frighten pigeons, and they won’t even approach the birds for water if there’s a person or a dog in the area. They can hang around outside of their cage though if fed appropriately.


Foxes are omnivorous canines that have a flat skull, sharp triangle-shaped ears, along a pointy snout and furry tail. Their size can vary depending upon their age. However, these creatures may be witnessed preying on pigeons early in the day.


Pigeons and snakes have a long history together. Snakes are elongated, legless, meat-eating serpents in the suborder Serpents. Ectothermic like all other squamates, snakes are amniote vertebrates with overlapping scales that can easily ingest a pigeon.


The Seagull is another large predator, as well as the pigeon. Gulls or seagulls are birds of the Laridae family in the Lari suborder. They are only distantly related to auks, skimmers, and even more distantly to waders due to their closeness to terns. Seagulls in Rome are reverting to their natural behavior as predators, targeting pigeons, rats, other small birds as there is no more food waste to be found on the streets due to a lack of people.

Golden Eagle

Pigeons are preyed on by golden eagles, another type of raptor. The golden eagle is one of the most renowned birds that prey on other animals throughout the Northern Hemisphere region. It is the most plentiful species of eagle among those who have been studied. The golden eagle (Aquila chrysaetos) is a raptor that belongs to the Accipitridae family. These birds are dark brown on top with golden-brown nape feathers. The magnificent adult golden eagle, owing to its tremendous size and hunting skills, has no natural predators.

How To Protect Baby Pigeons From Predators?

Baby Pigeon
A Baby Pigeon With Its Mother

Keeping predators away from your birds is something that every pigeon owner knows about. Pigeon breeders and fanciers do all they can to keep their pigeons healthy, but it isn’t enough. The safety of pigeons against predators is critical to the success of the entire procedure.

However, not all pigeon breeders and fanciers deal with this. Perhaps some locations lack large numbers of pigeon predators, making it unimportant. However, in other areas, pigeon predators might be a danger to the birds.

1: Restrict Access

When it comes to attacking pigeons, cats are devious. They observe the prey carefully before rushing toward it. Because the cat is in hiding, you won’t even notice if a cat is around unless birds see her and become startled.

The best thing you can do is restrict the cat’s access to the roof or your pigeon cage. Close or make it difficult for the cat to climb up onto the roof from across the street. If their nesting space is obstructed, it’s probable that the birds will return if they live in a populous neighborhood.

2: Get a Guard Dog

Pigeons can also form a special connection with puppies, not to mention the fact that they might become helpful in the future. It’s no longer easy to acquire a dog because it is both time-consuming and demanding.

The term “possessive” refers to a dog’s desire to keep objects it sees. When your puppy reaches adulthood, he or she will undoubtedly encounter pigeons on a regular basis. As your dog got older, he would become pals with pigeons. As a result, the dog would defend the pigeons against any danger.

3: Predator Repellant

In certain conditions, you may have to determine first what predators you want to keep away from yourself. Then you can perform some research on the particular repellents needed to keep those predators at bay. Stray cats are the most significant danger to pigeon pets. There are several things that repel cats, including citrus, lime, lemon, lavender, eucalyptus, geranium, rosemary wintergreen, and banana mints.

Amazon and the Amazon logo are trademarks of, Inc, or its affiliates.

Leave a Comment