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What Do Hummingbirds Eat [Diet & Facts]

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The hummingbird is known as one of the best flyers on the planet

It’s amazing how they can fly up, down, backward, and even upside down! 

When they flap their wings, they make a humming sound because they move so fast—up to 80 times per second! That’s incredible! But what do these tiny birds eat?

Hummingbirds are some of the smallest birds out there, weighing less than a penny! Most of their diet comes from flower nectar, which gives them energy. 

They also snack on small insects to get protein. With their long tongues, they can easily sip nectar from flowers. 

To keep up with their impressive flying skills, they need a lot of energy. 

They eat about half their body weight in nectar every day! 

To get enough food, they visit hundreds of flowers daily. They’re always on the go, searching for food.

In this article, we’ll talk more about what do hummingbirds like to eat throughout the year, how they eat, and ways to bring them to your garden.

What Do Hummingbirds Eat Throughout The Year?

Hummingbirds eating

1. Flower Nectar 

Hummingbirds get their main energy from a sweet liquid called nectar, which flowers make.

Flowers can have different amounts of sugar in their nectar, and hummingbirds have special beaks that help them drink from different kinds of flowers. 

Some flowers that hummingbirds like are bee balm, trumpet honeysuckle, petunia, cardinal flower, columbine, and salvia.

2. Insects and Spiders

Hummingbirds need more than just sugar from nectar to stay healthy. 

They also need protein, vitamins, and minerals, which they get from eating tiny insects and spiders

They eat things like gnats, fruit flies, aphids, mosquitoes, caterpillars, small beetles, and even small spiders. 

Hummingbirds catch these insects while they’re flying around, pick them off leaves and flowers, or grab them from spiderwebs.

3. Tree Sap and Honeydew 

Sometimes they drink tree sap and honeydew, especially when there’s not enough flower nectar around. 

They might sip sap from holes made by woodpeckers or drink the sweet liquid left by bugs that suck sap from trees.

4. Fruit Juice 

While not as common, hummingbirds have been seen drinking fruit juice, especially if it’s really sweet. 

Sometimes, they’ll sip juice from ripe fruits like berries or melons if they find them while looking for food.

5. Homemade Nectar 

People who love hummingbirds sometimes put up special feeders filled with homemade nectar to give the birds extra food. 

The nectar is made by mixing white sugar with water at a ratio of 4 parts water to 1 part sugar. 

It’s like the nectar from flowers and gives hummingbirds an easy meal, especially when there aren’t many flowers around.

Now that we’ve looked at what hummingbirds eat all year, let’s find out more about how they eat and how much they eat.

How Often & How Much Do Hummingbirds Eat?

Hummingbirds are like fast-food lovers in the bird kingdom. 

They eat roughly every 10-15 minutes during the day, which adds up to about 8-12 feeding sessions per hour. 

Their busy lifestyle and fast digestion mean they always need to refuel. 

Imagine having to snack every 15 minutes – it’s quite a commitment! 

At night, they go into a sort of hibernation mode called torpor, where their metabolism slows down, and they don’t need as much food. 

But come dawn, they’re up early to grab breakfast and start their day.

How Hummingbirds Drink Nectar From The Plants?

Even though hummingbirds are small, they eat a lot. 

They can eat up to half their body weight every day! 

They do this by flying around from flower to flower, visiting about 1,000-2,000 flowers each day. 

Each sip of nectar might seem tiny, but it all adds up. 

Besides nectar, they also eat insects to stay healthy. 

Sometimes, they snack on dozens of tiny bugs each day to make sure they get enough protein and other important nutrients. 

It’s pretty amazing how much they can eat, considering their size!

Keep your hummingbird feeders full of fresh sugar water (use a 1:4 water-to-sugar mix and skip the red dye). 

Clean the feeders often to stop diseases from spreading.

By giving them consistent food, you can help these amazing little birds flourish in your yard!

Remember, these are rough estimates, and each hummingbird’s feeding habits can differ based on species, where they live, and the environment. 

But knowing how much they eat and how they feed helps us appreciate these incredible creatures even more.

Looking at how hummingbirds eat shows us how amazing they are at adapting to survive. Now, let’s see what baby hummingbirds need to eat.

What Do Baby Hummingbirds Eat? 

In the first days of life, baby hummingbirds drink a special mixture their mom makes called “regurgitate.” 

It’s a mix of nectar and insects that give them the protein and nutrients they need to grow.

Because baby hummingbirds burn energy fast, they need to eat often, usually every 10-15 minutes. 

Their moms work hard to make sure they’re always fed and growing well.

As chicks reach around 10-15 days old, they begin to transition to solid food. 

Their mother introduces them to small insects like aphids, gnats, and fruit flies, which provide crucial protein and fats for their development.

During this time, the chicks’ intake of nectar also increases as they grow. 

Their mother either directly feeds them nectar from her beak or regurgitates a thin nectar mixture for them to consume.

By 3-4 weeks old, the chicks are mostly eating insects and nectar by themselves. 

They learn to catch prey and hover near flowers, becoming more independent with their food.

When they leave the nest at around 4-5 weeks old, they become fully independent. 

They’re responsible for finding their food, a big step toward living on their own in the wild.

Types of Hummingbirds 

Here are some types of hummingbirds you might find across the Americas:

1. Ruby-throated Hummingbird: This tiny bird with a fiery red throat is common in the eastern part of North America, often seen buzzing around gardens and feeders. 

Males have a vibrant red throat, while females have a white spot under their chin.

2. Anna’s Hummingbird: These hummingbirds live along the west coast of North America. 

They have shiny green feathers, and the males show off bright pinkish-red throat feathers.

3. Rufous Hummingbird: Known for their long journeys, these birds fly from Alaska to Mexico and Central America. 

The males have an orange throat, while the females have a rusty color.

4. Broad-tailed Hummingbird: Found in the western part of North America, these birds are easy to spot with their wide, shiny tail feathers. 

Males have a red throat, and females have a white throat and belly.

5. Costa’s Hummingbird: You’ll find these birds in the deserts of the southwestern United States and Mexico. 

The males have a stunning purple crown and throat.

6. Black-chinned Hummingbird: These hummingbirds live in western North America and Mexico. 

Males have a black chin and throat, while females have a white throat with buff spots.

7. Blue-throated Hummingbird: In the mountains of southwestern North America and Mexico, you might spot these birds with a dazzling blue throat

Females have a white throat with green spots.

These are just a few of the many amazing kinds of hummingbirds you can find across the Americas. 

Each one has its habits, colors, and places it likes to live, making them a favorite for birdwatchers and nature lovers everywhere.

Ways To Attract Hummingbirds With Food In Your Garden


Bringing hummingbirds to your garden is a wonderful way to enjoy their beauty and liveliness. 

Here are simple ways to attract these captivating birds with food:

1. Plant Hummingbird-Friendly Flowers: Pick flowers rich in nectar that hummingbirds adore, like trumpet vine, salvia, bee balm, and more. 

Different colors and shapes attract different types of hummingbirds.

2. Hang Hummingbird Feeders: Use feeders with homemade nectar—mix water and white sugar (no red dye) in a 1:4 ratio. 

Boil the mixture, cool it, and fill the feeder.

3. Strategic Feeder Placement: Hang feeders where you can see them easily, like near windows or natural perches. 

Ensure they’re easy to clean and refill.

4. Provide Perches: Hummingbirds like to rest and watch from branches. 

Add small branches or sticks near feeders for them to rest between meals.

5. Keep Feeders Clean: Clean and refill feeders regularly to prevent mold and bacteria. 

Change the nectar every 3-4 days, especially in hot weather.

6. Water Sources: Hummingbirds need water to drink and bathe. Offer a shallow bird bath or fountain with fresh water.

7. Create Habitat: Plant shrubs and trees to give shelter, nesting spots, and protection from predators. 

Native plants attract insects, an important protein source for hummingbirds.

8. Avoid Chemicals: Cut down on pesticides and herbicides in your garden. 

They can harm hummingbirds and their food sources.

Following these tips helps you build a welcoming environment for hummingbirds, providing them with food and shelter. 

Plus, you get the joy of observing these amazing birds up close in your garden.

By following these ideas, you can make your garden a perfect place for hummingbirds to find food all year long. 

Finally, let’s explore the natural habitats where hummingbirds thrive.

Habitat of Hummingbirds

Hummingbirds live in many different places throughout the Americas, from forests and meadows to deserts and coastal areas. 

You can find them in forests like tropical rainforests, deciduous forests, and coniferous forests. 

They look for nectar in flowers and hunt for insects in the trees. 

Some hummingbirds live in open grasslands and meadows where there are lots of flowers and insects. 

Others are adapted to living in dry places like deserts and scrublands. 

They get their food from cactus flowers and other desert plants, plus insects. 

Hummingbirds also live in coastal areas like marshes, mangroves, and coastal scrub. 

They drink nectar from coastal flowers and catch insects near water. 

Many kinds of hummingbirds live in mountains and highlands where they find lots of nectar from alpine flowers. 

They’re used to the cold and thin air up high. 

Some hummingbirds even live in cities and suburbs, finding food in gardens, parks, and neighborhoods.

Hummingbirds are good at living in different places, but they need food, places to nest, and safety from other animals. 

It’s important to have lots of different flowers and to keep their homes safe if we want to help hummingbirds thrive.


In summary, knowing what hummingbirds eat and the places they need to live helps us see how important they are as pollinators and parts of nature’s balance. 

If we give them enough food and a good place to live, we can make sure they keep flying in our skies for a long time.


Do hummingbirds consume mosquitoes?

Hummingbirds primarily feed on flower nectar and insects like gnats, fruit flies, and aphids.
While they may occasionally catch and eat mosquitoes, they are not a significant part of their diet.

Can organic sugar be more beneficial for hummingbird feeders?

Yes, using organic sugar in hummingbird feeders can be a good choice.
Organic sugar is free from pesticides and chemicals, which can be healthier for both the hummingbirds and the environment.

Are hummingbirds becoming dependent on feeders?

While hummingbirds may rely on feeders for a supplemental food source, they still obtain most of their nutrients from natural sources like flower nectar and insects.
However, it’s essential to ensure that feeders are kept clean and filled regularly to avoid disrupting their natural feeding behaviors.

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