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What Do Bunnies Eat [Favorite Foods Year-Round]

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What do bunnies like to eat? Well, greens are their top pick! 

Their diet revolves around plants, a common theme for many animals relying on vegetation for survival. 

Bunnies, not just cute companions, need more than cuddles for their well-being.

Interestingly, young rabbits, known as “bunnies,” enjoy a more diverse diet than adults. 

Their nutritional needs for growth are similar to other young animals, like baby mice or rats. 

What they munch on is crucial for their health, ensuring they grow into robust adults. Understanding your pet rabbit’s dietary needs is crucial for proper care.

This guide will explore everything, from bunnies’ habitat and food preferences throughout the year to tips on feeding baby and adult rabbits. 

We’ll talk about healthy treats and essential tips for keeping your bunny healthy. 

But before we delve into their favorite foods, let’s first explore the habitat of bunnies.

Habitat of Bunnies

Bunnies, those cute little creatures with their soft fur and wiggly noses, are beloved friends who come from various interesting places all over the world. 

These adorable buddies have chosen different homes, showing how flexible and adaptable they can be. 

Wild rabbits thrive in grasslands, feasting on grasses, clover, dandelions, and other leafy delights. 

Their long ears and keen senses help them navigate the open plains, keeping an eye out for predators.

In the cozy sunlight of forests, some bunnies, like the cottontail, enjoy eating leaves, bark, and even mushrooms. 

It might be surprising, but even in deserts, tough bunnies like the desert cottontail thrive on hardy desert plants and even cacti. 

Up in the mountains, sturdy pikas make their homes, expertly climbing and burrowing while snacking on grasses, mosses, and lichens. 

Many bunnies also live in our hearts and homes as cherished pets, where we can make their living spaces fun with roomy enclosures, hay, cozy spots, and toys. 

No matter where they live, these animals have different ways of living and eating, and understanding their natural homes helps us take the best care of them, whether they’re playing in the fields or cuddling in our laps. 

Now that we’ve looked at where bunnies live, let’s talk about what do bunnies like to eat.

What do Bunnies Eat Throughout the Year?

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1. Spring

Spring brings nature to life with lush green scenery and plenty of new plants. It’s a fantastic time for bunnies, as they get to enjoy a variety of tasty treats. 

From tender dandelions and clover to wild lettuce and young grasses, there’s a delightful menu of greens to choose from. 

These greens are packed with important vitamins and minerals that help bunnies grow and stay healthy. 

With the flourishing plant life around, it’s like a nutritional buffet, and bunnies happily join in to savor the seasonal goodness.

2. Summer

In the summer, bunnies get to enjoy warm weather and longer days, bringing a bounty of delicious grasses and fresh leafy greens like chickweed, plantain, and purslane. 

These greens are packed with fiber and important nutrients, making them the mainstay of the bunny’s summer meals. 

Bunnies happily nibble on a variety of plants, including herbs and vegetables. 

Depending on where they live, some bunnies might even get to savor sweet treats like wild strawberries, raspberries, and blackberries. 

However, it’s crucial to be mindful of moderation, as too much sugar can upset their digestive system. 

3. Autumn

As autumn arrives, with shorter days and cooler temperatures, bunnies adjust their eating habits by focusing on woody plants, twigs, and fallen leaves. 

These food choices are full of fiber, preparing them for the approaching winter. 

Some bunnies may gather and hide away fruits and veggies they enjoyed during the summer, saving them for colder days in burrows or secret spots. 

Throughout autumn and into winter, hay remains a constant and dependable source of fiber and essential nutrients. 

To add variety to their autumn diet, offering small amounts of vegetables such as carrots and bell peppers is a good idea.

4. Winter

In winter, when it’s challenging to find fresh greens, hay becomes a crucial source of nutrition for bunnies. 

Twigs, bark, and any stored fruits or veggies also become important for providing essential nutrients and energy during this season. 

The colder temperatures may cause bunnies to drink less water, so ensuring a constant supply of fresh water is important. 

They can also get moisture from their food, like juicy twigs or stored fruits. 

Having top-quality hay, such as timothy hay or orchard grass hay, available at all times is a must. 

It’s essential to keep an eye on their weight and adjust the amount of pellets they receive to prevent obesity during this less active season.

Food Habits of Baby Rabbits

So, what do baby bunnies eat? Little rabbits, called kits, need special kinds of food when they are very young.

1. Mother’s Milk

In their early days, baby rabbits primarily depend on their mom’s milk. 

They nurse quite often, up to 8-12 times a day, to satisfy their small tummies and support their rapid growth.

The mother rabbit provides highly nutritious milk crucial for the kits’ development. 

Ensuring the mother’s health is essential to guarantee she can effectively nurse her babies.

2. Introduction of Solid Foods

As baby rabbits grow, they begin to explore solid foods while still nursing, and this shift usually starts around three weeks of age. 

You may notice them trying out nibbles of hay or tender leaves close to their mother as they get ready for changes in their digestive system. 

Hay, leafy greens, and specially formulated pellets for young rabbits become familiar and liked flavors. 

As their digestive system adapts, the kits nurse less frequently and spend more time exploring and nibbling on solid foods.

3. Pellets and Fresh Vegetables

Around four to six weeks old, introduce high-quality rabbit pellets to baby rabbits’ diet.

These pellets are designed for their nutrition. 

Also, offer fresh veggies—romaine lettuce, kale, dandelion greens, and a bit of carrots.

Start with small amounts and keep an eye out for any digestive problems.

4. Water

Ensure baby rabbits have access to clean and fresh water early on, as they may start drinking water when they begin eating solid foods. 

Use a shallow dish to make water easily accessible for them.

5. Important things to remember

Always have high-quality hay available at all times as it supports healthy digestion and helps wear down their continually growing teeth.

Introduce new foods slowly, one by one, to avoid upsetting their stomachs.

Limit the intake of pellets for young rabbits and choose ones specially designed to meet their specific nutritional requirements.

Consult your veterinarian for personalized dietary advice tailored to the specific breed and individual needs of your young rabbits.

By providing proper care and a nutritious diet, you can observe your little kits hop their way into healthy adulthood, delighting in their munching and exploring as happy bunnies.

Now, let’s talk about how to feed your pet bunny and when it’s best to give them their meals.

A Guide to Feeding Your Pet Bunny 

1. Hay

This fibrous wonder is a crucial component of a bunny’s diet, serving as the foundation. 

It should be available at all times, constituting 80% of their overall food consumption. 

Opt for high-quality timothy hay, as it provides essential fiber for digestion and helps keep their teeth in good condition.

2. Fresh Vegetables

Think of these as the bunny’s natural source of vitamins and minerals.

Offer a mix of leafy greens like romaine lettuce, kale, and spinach daily. 

Introduce new vegetables gradually to prevent potential stomach issues. Aim for approximately 1/4 cup per 2 pounds of bunny weight each day.

3. Pellets

These concentrated nuggets act as bunny snacks, providing extra nutrients.

Choose pellets that are high in fiber and low in calcium, limiting them to 1/4 cup per 2 pounds of bunny weight each day. 

For an adult rabbit, a quarter cup to a half cup of pellets per day is generally sufficient.

4. Treat Time

Give your bunny occasional treats to bring some joy to their day, but make sure it’s in moderation. 

Choose bunny-friendly treats like crunchy apple slices, which are high in fiber and vitamin C. 

If you go for classic carrot sticks, be cautious about the sugar to prevent any tummy issues.

For a sweet and occasional delight, share some banana pieces with your furry friend; they’re rich in potassium and naturally sweet.

5. Avoid sugary treats and mixes 

As we discussed earlier avoid giving sugary treats and mixes to your bunny, as they can lead to issues like obesity and dental problems. 

Additionally, make sure there’s a constant supply of fresh, clean water for your bunny’s well-being, and encourage plenty of exercise and playtime to keep them both physically and mentally engaged.

Rabbit Healthy Treats 

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1. Spoil your beloved pet with Oxbow Simple Rewards Baked Hay Treats, available in enticing flavors such as Apple & Banana, Carrot, or Bell Pepper. 

These treats are crafted from 100% natural ingredients and baked right into the hay, offering a fiber-rich delight.

2. For another delightful option, consider Kaytee Fiesta Straws—colorful straw tubes filled with a mix of timothy hay and dried fruits, adding a fun twist to snack time.

3. If you’re in search of a nutritious and tasty treat, explore JR Farms Apple Nibblets, featuring freeze-dried apple slices that retain their natural sweetness and satisfying crunch.

4. For a zesty choice, try Small Pet Select Dried Cranberries, loaded with antioxidants and vitamin C, providing a tangy treat in moderation.

5. Give your furry friend a special indulgence with JR Farms Freeze-Dried Banana Pieces—naturally sweet and rich in potassium, making them a perfect occasional treat.

6. Indulge your rabbit with Vitakraft Rabbit Drops, delectable yogurt-based treats infused with essential vitamins, offering a delicious and nutritious choice.

Things To Keep in Mind To Keep Your Bunny Healthy

Taking care of your bunny’s health and happiness involves a few important things. 

First, make sure your bunny eats well by giving them a balanced diet with hay, fresh veggies, and good-quality pellets.

If you give treats, go for healthier options, and don’t overdo it.

Create a comfy home by keeping their living space clean, providing places to hide, and giving them toys. 

Let your bunny play and explore in a safe area, and keep their living space clean to avoid germs. 

Take your bunny to the vet regularly, and get help right away if they seem sick. 

Spend time with your bunny to keep them social and think about getting another bunny friend. 

Groom them often, provide safe toys for their teeth, and follow your vet’s advice for preventing fleas and parasites. 

Keep your bunny at a comfortable temperature, and most importantly, show them lots of love. 

This way, your bunny will be happy and healthy for a long time.

Finally, let’s check out the foods you should not give your rabbit to make sure they stay healthy and happy.

Food You Should Avoid Feeding Your Rabbit

1. The Harmful Trio

1.1 Chocolate: This sugary delight is incredibly harmful to bunnies. 

Even a tiny nibble can be deadly because it contains theobromine, a substance that can induce seizures, heart issues, and potential fatality in rabbits.

1.2 Grapes and Raisins: Despite their innocent appearance, grapes and raisins are risky for rabbits. 

The raisins, present in both, can lead to kidney failure. It’s best to avoid these fruits in any form, including grape juice or baked goods containing raisins.

1.3 Iceberg Lettuce: While it might seem like a nutritious choice, iceberg lettuce lacks essential nutrients and is high in water, potentially causing digestive issues and diarrhea in rabbits. 

2. Carb Caution

2.1 Bread, Pasta, and Cereals: While these treats loaded with carbohydrates might seem tempting, their starch and sugar content can upset your bunny’s delicate digestive system, leading to issues like gas, bloating, and potential obesity.

2.2 Cookies, Crackers, and Candy: These sugary snacks are like nutritional landmines for bunnies. 

Their high sugar content can contribute to problems such as obesity, dental issues, and even diabetes. It’s best to keep your bunny away from these sugar-laden treats!

2.3 Fruit Treats: While occasional small pieces of certain fruits like apples or bananas can serve as a healthy treat, avoid excessive fruit indulgence. 

The elevated sugar content in fruits can adversely affect your bunny’s digestive system.

3. Dangerous Plants and Home Dangers

3.1 Houseplants: Several everyday houseplants, such as lilies, philodendrons, and dieffenbachia, can be harmful to rabbits.

Make sure to keep all houseplants safely out of your bunny’s reach.

3.2 Avocado: Despite its popularity, avocados are a no-go for bunnies. They contain persin, a toxin that can lead to heart problems and respiratory issues.

It’s best to avoid offering avocados to your rabbit.

3.3 Coffee and Tea: The caffeine and tannins present in coffee and tea can pose risks to rabbits, potentially causing heart problems and stomach discomfort.

Keep these beverages securely out of your bunny’s reach.

Wrapping Up

A bunny’s diet is crucial to its overall health and well-being.

By being mindful of what you feed them and following the tips above, you can help ensure that your favorite pet lives a happy and healthy life.


Do rabbits eat all fruits?

Rabbits can eat some fruits, but not all. It’s important to offer fruits in moderation due to their natural sugar content.
Safe options include apples, bananas, and berries, while citrus fruits should be avoided.

Can bunnies eat bread?

While rabbits can nibble on small amounts of bread occasionally, it’s not an ideal food for them.
Bread is starchy and lacks the necessary nutrients for a rabbit’s diet.
Stick to their main diet of hay, fresh veggies, and pellets.

Do bunny rabbits eat meat?

No, rabbits are herbivores, meaning they eat plants and not meat.
Their diet primarily consists of hay, fresh vegetables, and high-quality pellets.
Introducing meat into their diet is not suitable for their digestive system.

Can rabbits live alone?

While rabbits are social animals, they can live alone if given plenty of attention and interaction from their human caregivers.
However, many rabbits thrive with the companionship of another bunny. If considering a solo rabbit, ensure they receive ample love and playtime.

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